Medics were called to Bollingdale Avenue in Wombridge shortly after 10.30am on Tuesday, where the man was in a critical condition following what West Midlands Ambulance Service described as a "medical emergency".
An air ambulance was sent from Cosford, landing nearby at the playing field near the junction of Withington Close, Buttery Grove and Church Parade.
A first responder and two road ambulances were also sent, but nothing could be done to save the man.
A West Midlands Ambulance Service spokeswoman said: "We were called at 10.38am to a medical emergency on Bollingale Avenue, Wombridge, Telford.
"We sent two ambulances, a Community First Responder and the Midlands Air Ambulance from Cosford to the scene.
"On arrival, crews discovered a man in a critical condition and immediately began administering advanced life support. Unfortunately, despite their best efforts, nothing more could be done to save him and he was pronounced deceased at the scene.”