World struggling to get on track in fight against climate change, says report
The only bright spot is that global sales of electric vehicles are now on track to match what is needed to limit future global warming.
The world is off track in its efforts to curb global warming in 41 of 42 important measurements and is even heading in the wrong direction in six crucial ways, a new international report calculates.
The only bright spot is that global sales of electric vehicles are now on track to match what is needed – along with many other changes – to limit future warming to just another couple of tenths of a degree, according to the State of Climate Action report released Tuesday by the World Resources Institute, Climate Action Tracker, the Bezos Earth Fund and others.
On the flip side, public money spent to create more fossil fuel use is going in the wrong direction and faster than it has in the past, said study co-author Kelly Levin, science and data director at the Bezos Earth Fund.
“This is not the time for tinkering around the edges, but it’s instead the time for radical decarbonisation of all sectors of the economy,” Ms Levin said.
“We are woefully off track and we are seeing the impact of inaction unfold around the world, from extensive wildfire fires in Canada, heat-related deaths across the Mediterranean, record high temperatures in South Asia and so on,” she said.
Later this month, crucial international climate negotiations starting in Dubai will include the first time world negotiators have carried out a global stocktake on how close society is to meeting its 2015 Paris Agreement climate goals.
In advance of the United Nations Cop28 summit, numerous reports from experts are assessing Earth’s progress, or mostly the lack of it, including a US national assessment with hundreds of indicators. Tuesday’s 42 indicators offer one of the grimmest report cards, detailing multiple failures of society.
The report looks at what is needed in several sectors of the global economy – power, transportation, buildings, industry, finance and forestry – to fit in a world that limits warming to 1.5C over pre-industrial times, the goal the world adopted in Paris in 2015.
The globe has already warmed about 1.2C since the mid-19th century.
Six categories – the carbon intensity of global steel production, how many miles passenger cars drive, electric buses sold, loss of mangrove forests, amount of food waste, and public financing of fossil fuel use – are going in the wrong direction, the report said.
Report co-author Joe Thwaites, of the Natural Resources Defence Council environmental group, said: “Fossil fuel consumption subsidies in particular reached an all-time high last year – over a trillion dollars – driven by the war in Ukraine and the resulting energy price spikes.”
Another six categories were considered “off track” but going in the right direction, which is the closest to being on track and better than the 24 measurements that are “well off track”.
Those merely off track include zero-carbon electricity generation, electric vehicles as percentage of the fleet, two- and three-wheel electric vehicle sales, grazing animal meat production, reforestation and share of greenhouse gas emissions with mandatory corporate climate risk reporting requirements.
People should be worried that this report is one of “too little, too late”, said Arizona State University climate scientist Katharine Jacobs, who was not part of the report but praised it for being so comprehensive.
“I am not shocked that at a global scale we are not meeting expectations for reducing emissions,” she said.
“We cannot ignore the fact that global commitments to (greenhouse gas) reductions are essentially unenforceable and that a number of major setbacks have taken a toll on our progress.”
When trying to change an economy, the key is to start with “low-hanging fruit, i.e. the sectors of the economy that are easiest to transition and give a big bang for your buck,” said Dartmouth climate scientist Justin Mankin, who was also not part of the report.
However, he said the report shows “we’re really struggling to pick the low-hanging fruit”.