The UK’s decision to strip Huawei out of its 5G networks could lead to extra costs and disruption for mobile users, industry experts have warned.
Telecoms analyst Paolo Pescatore said the time and money needed to remove Huawei from networks would have a “negative impact” on the UK’s 5G rollout.
And he warned that these additional costs and disruptions for the telecoms firms could be passed on to customers in the future.
Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden announced on Tuesday that all telecoms firms must stop buying 5G equipment from Huawei by the end of this year and remove all kit from 5G networks by 2027 amid security concerns around the Chinese firm.
Mr Dowden admitted the decision would likely delay the UK’s rollout of 5G by two to three years and add up to £2 billion to its cost.
Telecoms bosses had also previously warned that trying to remove Huawei equipment too quickly could lead to network blackouts.
“This will be a huge blow to Huawei and a major headache for most if not all of the telcos,” Mr Pescatore said.
“While there are other network vendors who could pick up the pieces, it is unclear whether they are up to the task.
“Established rivals like Ericsson and Nokia have been struggling and there’s a resurgence of players like Samsung Networks and Japanese players Fujitsu and NEC.
“In essence, this will have a negative impact on 5G rollout. However, 5G remains in its infancy and the technology has yet to achieve its full potential. A long road awaits and the business model for 5G remains unproven.”
Mr Pescatore added that it was mobile phone users who could end up footing the bill for the disruption, with the economic downturn in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic already putting pressure on telecoms firms.
“Who will fork out for these additional costs and disruption in any service issues that might arise? Hopefully not the users – but ultimately any additional costs always get passed on to the user,” he said.
“More so at a time when margins are already squeezed and all players are seeing the economic impact from the pandemic.”
Michael Downs, director of telecom security at Positive Technologies, also warned that the delay and cost could leave the UK with an inferior 5G network to other countries.
“There is also the additional cost of delaying deployments, as companies have already gone through the process of testing 5G equipment from Huawei. This whole process – including testing – will have to be started all over again,” he said.
“This will mean a more expensive network for the UK and a delay that could result in its national infrastructure being inferior compared to other countries.”
But two potential alternative equipment suppliers in the UK – Ericsson and Samsung – have both said they are ready to help deliver the country’s 5G infrastructure.
Arun Bansal, Ericsson president in Europe, said: “Today’s decision removes the uncertainty that was slowing down investment decisions around the deployment of 5G in the UK.
“It is now time for the industry to come together and start delivering on the promise of creating a world-leading 5G network for the people, businesses and economy of the UK.
“Ericsson has the technology, experience and supply chain capacity to help accomplish this, and we stand ready to work with the UK operators to meet their timetable, with no disruption to customers.”
While a Samsung spokesman said: “As a global provider of 5G network solutions, we would welcome the opportunity to support the UK’s 5G network rollout.
“At Samsung, we believe 5G will bring about a seismic shift in speed, innovation and connected living to people and businesses in the UK, and play a key role in supporting the economy.”
The Government’s decision also included guidance to telecoms firms to move away from using Huawei equipment in their full-fibre broadband equipment over the next two years.
In response, Andrew Glover, chairman of the Internet Services Providers’ Association, which represents consumer broadband giants BT, Virgin Media and Sky among its around 200 members, said it welcomed the move.
“The Government’s 5G announcement today provides some welcome clarity to our members who are rolling out networks and providing broadband to consumers and businesses across the UK,” he said.
“We look forward to further consultation with Government to determine the policy for fixed networks with a clear focus on ensuring that our members can rollout new gigabit-capable networks at pace.
“As the Secretary of State emphasised today, supply chain interventions have a direct impact on the speed at which networks can be rolled out, so any new restrictions need to be counter-balanced with an appropriate level of support for the sector.”