More than 150 buried treasure troves discovered over the last 10 years

More than 150 buried treasure troves have been discovered in the West Midlands and Staffordshire since records began 10 years ago, figures reveal.

The Staffordshire Hoard, the largest hoard of Anglo Saxon Gold ever found, in 2009 at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery.
The Staffordshire Hoard, the largest hoard of Anglo Saxon Gold ever found, in 2009 at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery.

Data from the British Museum and Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport showed 172 finds have been made since 2012, including 27 last year.

But the overall number of finds is expected to be much higher – with the figures not including the prominent Staffordshire Hoard found near Lichfield in 2009.

Figures show a total of 161 finds have been recorded in Staffordshire, with treasure hunters having less luck in the West Midlands with only 11 finds.

Across England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the number of treasure finds topped 1,000 for the seventh year in a row when 1,077 discoveries were made.

A hoard of century-old gold coins found hidden in an upright piano in Shropshire in 2017

The British Museum said restrictions on people's exercise during coronavirus lockdowns contributed to a boost in unexpected garden discoveries last year.

More than 6,000 finds – which could include a single object or a hoard of coins – were recorded with the museum's Portable Antiquities Scheme during the first lockdown alone, when hunting with a metal detector outside the home was banned.

Former culture minister Caroline Dinenage said it was "brilliant" to see the scheme grow from strength to strength during lockdown thanks to garden finds and digital reporting.

Gold torcs which where discovered on Staffordshire farmland in 2016

Anyone who thinks they have struck a hidden hoard has to tell the coroner within two weeks, so they can hold an inquest to decide whether it constitutes treasure and who will receive the items. If they don't, they face an unlimited fine or up to three months behind bars.

Local and national museums are given the chance to purchase any pieces a coroner rules as treasure, but the finder doesn't leave empty-handed – they will be paid a sum depending on the haul's value.

The Treasure Act currently defines treasure as finds older than 300 years and made of gold or silver, or artefacts made of precious metals. But the Government announced in December that a new definition would be introduced to protect treasure from being lost to the public. It would see artefacts also defined as treasure if they are "of historical or cultural significance".

Viking and medieval treasure unearthed in Staffordshire

Metal detecting is the best way to unearth lost treasure, according to the figures. The devices tracked down 96 per cent of finds in 2019, the most recent year with details on how the objects were discovered.

A further three per cent – 36 cases – were archaeological finds and 10 from field walking or scouring streams and shores. Police recovered one treasure trove from a "nighthawker" – an illegal treasure hunter.

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