The smash happened on the A442 at the junction of Brockton Way and Kemberton Road at about 3am on Wednesday.
It involved one vehicle which lost control on the dual carriageway in the area of Tweedale and hit a tree.
Emergency services including the ambulance, police and fire brigade were at the scene for more than an hour.
Firefighters used cutting and spreading equipment to free the man, who had non-serious injuries, from the vehicle.
Shropshire Fire & Rescue Service sent two appliances and an operations officer from Tweedale Fire Station.
The driver of the vehicle was taken to Royal Shrewsbury Hospital for further checks.
A spokeswoman for West Midlands Ambulance Service said: "We were called at 3.06am to reports of an RTC at the junction of Brockton Way and Kemberton Road in Telford.
"An ambulance and paramedic officer attended the scene and arrived to find a car which had left the carriageway and collided with a tree.
"The driver, a man, was assessed by ambulance staff and found with injuries not thought to be serious.
"He was extricated from the vehicle with help from the fire service before being conveyed to Royal Shrewsbury Hospital for further checks."